Road pricing personal vehicles

From 2018 to 2019
In April 2016, a tolling system for heavy vehicles was implemented in Belgium.  A road pricing system for light vehicles does not yet exist in Flanders, and would be a measure of considerable impact. In summer 2018, the Flemish administration decided to have this measure thoroughly invested. 
This study has been conducted by the Motivity consortium, consisting of KPMG, Transport & Mobility Leuven, Stibbe and Common Ground.  The consortium was commissioned to investigate which system of road charging would be feasible and preferable in Flanders.  Transport & Mobility Leuven mainly studied tariff formulas, technology and enforcement, socially responsible policy, and monitoring.

The three objectives that the Flemish government pursues are:
  • reducing traffic jams,
  • applying the "user pays" principle and
  • internalizing external costs ("the polluter pays").
This research thus also investigated to what extent a system of road charging could contribute to a tax shift in Flanders.

The results of this study are being considered as policy preliminary work.  The study underpins which system of road charging would be the most appropriate for Flanders, taking into account the 3 guiding principles (congestion, user pays, polluter pays): the smart, area-wide system of road charging.
  • An area-wide system of road charging is being applied to the entire Flemish road network, with the user paying per kilometre.
  • The road charging system is "smart". This would allow rates to vary, depending on, for example: the time at which one drives, the place where one drives, how far one drives, resulting in a possible reduction of congestion.
Depending on the priorities and goals that are being set, one principle can be more determining than others.  Such decisions also determine if other variants of a road charging system are more appropriate.
If the first principle (reducing congestion) would become the leading principle, a zonal road charging system would, for instance, be a possible alternative for a smart, area-wide road charging system.  In such case, drivers pay per kilometre, but within a more limited area.  



From 2018 to 2019


Department of Roads and Traffic


KPMG, Stibbe, Common Ground

Our team

Griet De Ceuster, Christophe Heyndrickx, Inge Mayeres, Gitte Van Den Bergh
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