Preparatory research on decarbonising the Belgian maritime sector

From 2020 to 2021
In order to make the maritime shipping sector carbon-free by 2050, TML investigated various measures that could be used for this purpose. Based on these results, we formulated policy recommendations that were tested for their legal feasibility.

The largest CO2 emissions in Belgian waters come from dredgers, tugboats, fishing vessels, tankers and cargo ships.  To reduce carbon emissions to zero by 2050, a policy plan for this sector is needed.

All kinds of technological measures are available to decarbonise seagoing vessels: a different design of the bow, alternative fuels and increased energy efficiency. In addition, the research team formulated some operational measures. To implement these, governments can rely on subsidies for research and development, the setting of a CO2 price and the monitoring of emissions.

We divided our research into three work packages.
First, we determined which vessels are relevant for the research and their CO2 emissions. For this we used the EMMOSS model developed by TML. 
A second work package comprises an inventory of existing initiatives and technical operational measures.
The third work package looks at the possibilities to stimulate the implementation of the aforementioned measures.
TML coordinated the second and third part of this research. We brought the technical input of Sintef together with the legal expertise of Clive Van Aerde.

You can read our study for the FPS Mobility here.


From 2020 to 2021


FOD mobiliteit en vervoer


Sintef, Clive van Aerde lawyers

Our team

Sebastiaan Boschmans, Tim Breemersch, Kris Vanherle
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