Extensions for the POLES Model

Development of modules for power distribution and capacity planning for the POLES model

The Economics of Climate Change, Energy and Transport Unit (ECCET) of the European Commission's DG JRC/IPTS and, particularly its Action "Integrated Climate policy assessment: scenarios and economic impacts (ICPA-SEI)" develops, maintains and applies several quantitative tools that address energy technology trends and energy and climate change policies and their impact on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These include simulation models, quantitative evaluation methodologies and technology monitoring mechanisms. In addition, ICPA-SEI also provides the appropriate quantitative tools to support and reinforce the Commission's policy views at international forums for negotiating climate protection.

Among other tools, the POLES model has been developed over the years and presents a well-integrated description of the energy sector. The need for more detailed and comprehensive analyses requires the POLES model to be permanently upgraded through the introduction of new modules and updated databases, as well as the development of a better computing environment, for both data management and results analysis. The electricity supply sector presents a particular challenge for modellers since the product (electricity) does not present one homogenous good. Depending on the demand curve, the value (price) of a generated kWh of electricity varies considerably between base load and peak demand. To model the capacity planning and distribution in a simulation model is difficult, and was therefore improved in the framework of this contract.

The objective of this project was to develop two new power sector modules (describing power distribution and capacity planning) for the POLES model, applying optimisation techniques. The modules were implemented in GAMS and uses optimisation techniques to solve the problem. The structure of the modules enables easy execution as a stand alone model but also enables linking the modules to the POLES model implemented in VENSIM via a software link which was provided by IPTS.

power plant


No report


2010 - 2012

funded by

European Commission’s DG JRC/IPTS, within the contract “Services to support economic modelling in industry, energy and transport. Lot 1: Partial Equilibrium modelling of energy sectors. Reference IPTS/2009/J02/24/OC”


Ignacio Hidalgo González


Polish Academy of Sciences' Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute (MEERI)


Kris Vanherle

+32 16 31.77.38
reference: 10.52