Low-Emission Zones in Brussels

Introduction of low-emission zones in Brussels: impact on environment, mobility and socio-economic effects

In this study, we examined the potential effects of introducing low-emission zones in Brussels. In a literature review, five cities have been studied in which low-emission zones are active. Based on this review, the feasibility of such measures for the district of Brussels were evaluated. 

The impact of low-emission zones was determined for various scenarios in 2015 and 2020. We determined the effects on traffic flow redistribution, composition of local vehicle stock, traffic emissions and air quality. Socio-economic effects were also considered. We looked at the costs for the government that are incurred by the introduction of low-emission zones, and we identified possible obstacles for implementation. Furthermore, we suggested measures to stimulate the effectiveness of low-emission zones.      


Final report (in Dutch)



funded by

Leefmilieu Brussel (previously BIM)


Isaak Yperman, Filip Vanhove, Eef Delhaye


Griet De Ceuster

+32 16 31.77.30
reference: 10.53