The Implementation of Kilometre Charging and a Vignette in Belgium

Kilometre charging for trucks and an electronic road vignette for light vehicles in the Flemish, Brussels, and Walloon Region

The 2009-2014 coalition agreements of each of the three Belgian Regions expressed a desire for comprehensive traffic taxation reform. A political agreement was concluded between them at the end of January 2011. The basis for this agreement is the objective calculation of the mobility costs to citizens and companies. In addition, foreign road users will thereafter be required to pay.

This project aims to introduce the following:

  • Kilometre charging for trucks larger than 3.5 tonnes
    The charge will be in function of covered distance, place, time and environmental characteristics of the vehicle. The system will use Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) technology.
  • An electronic vignette for light vehicles
    Time-bound user rights will apply for light vehicles as passenger cars and vans.
    The three regions have provisionally chosen not to start with a kilometre charging for passenger cars. The system developed for trucks will, however, be built in such a way that it can be extended to light vehicles at a later stage.

A private partner will be responsible for bringing the road charging system into operation using a design-build-finance-maintain-operate (DBFMO) model.

Transport & Mobility Leuven is a subcontractor of the Fairway consortium and was in charge of tarification and analysis of the revenues using transport models.

The Provisional Architecture for the planned road charging for trucks and the vignette for cars was approved on 20 July 2012. The document, prepared by the Fairway consortium, forms the basis for the introduction of road pricing in Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels in the coming years.

In Belgium, 4.7 billion truck-kilometres are annually driven by Belgians, and 3.5 billion by foreigners. Each truck will get an On-Board Unit (OBU), an electronic device using GPS technology and wireless networks, to continuously record the truck's location, and kilometres driven. The data is automatically transmitted to a back office that calculates the toll the operator of the truck must pay.

Furthermore, the introduction of an electronic vignette for light vehicles (up to 3.5 tonnes) is foreseen. Upon implementation, foreign cars will have to pay to drive on Belgian roads. Each year, approximately 6.5 million foreign cars drive in Belgium, which is quite high considering that Belgium only has approximately 5.8 million registered cars.

reports

All reports are confidential

period

2011-2013

funded by

Departement FinanciŽn en Begroting

partners

Fairway consortium (KPMG Advisory, Collis, Eubelius) with subcontractors ASFINAG, CMS DeBacker, Olswang, TNO and TML

researchers

Griet De Ceuster, Kristof Carlier

contact

Griet De Ceuster

+32 16 31.77.30
reference: 10.39