Public transport services with wearable devices for different mobility types

The Guide2Wear project was granted within the ERA-NET transport flagship call initiative 2013 “Future Travelling”. The main objective of Guide2Wear was to evaluate the potential of wearable devices for future travel services. The consortium developed a prototype for public transport navigation services, based on a wearable device. There were three central elements: improved information providence, payment support, and passenger guidance.

TML was responsible for the analysis of human behaviour and changes therein, as a result of using wearable devices tailored to specific user needs. To do this, TML developed a tool based on relevant psychological theories allowing the measurement of relevant motivational parameters.

The main findings of Guide2Wear were:

  • The use of a “lead user group” approach is suitable for identifying future technology users.
  • Mobility data needs to be collected in a timely and appropriate way. Otherwise, the mobility analysis will lack in quality.
  • Future mobility users will likely make more use of inter- or multimodal travel. A wearable device should take this into account. This means that a horizontal and vertical integration within the mobility network is important. A wearable device, and the applications that run on it, need to provide for multiple functions (routing, payment, etc.) while at the same time combining these functions for multiple travel models (or even all available travel modes).
  • The introduction of such new technologies needs to focus on providing end users with actual improvements, otherwise, they may end up being the next flavor of the month.
  • Not every wearable device is suitable for improving future mobility. An important limitation is that most of the wearable devices depend heavily on pairing with a smartphone.
  • Intuitive and ease of use are important for a good user experience, and as such support multi-modal user behaviour.

Official project website:

Newsletter 2
Newsletter 1


D2.1: The future use of Wearable Devices in the mobility sector
D2.2: Seamless travel: Customer requirements
D3.1: Overview on functionalities of technologies for seamless travelling
D5.1: Handbook
Final report



funded by



Fraunhofer IVI (Germany) (project leader), VTI (Sweden), FACTUM (Austria), InnoZ (Germany), the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (Austria), CodeSyntax (Spain)


Lars Akkermans

+32 16 31.77.34
reference: 13.70