Potential of EV in the Government Fleet
Potential and economic and environmental impact of the replacement of conventional vehicles by electric vehicles within the fleet of the Flemish government
Electric vehicles (EV) and plug-in electric vehicles (PHEVs) have unmistakable environmental advantages, certainly if the electricity used is produced in an environmentally friendly manner. There continue, however, to be important differences with respect to conventional vehicles (such as price, range…) as a result of which a limited market share is obtained.
Niche fleets may be an interesting market for (PH)EVs and serve as a start for a broader introduction of (PH)EVs. Niche fleets, such as those of several Flemish public authorities, are characterized by the specific use of vehicles on the one hand and the possibility of charging the vehicles centrally on the other hand. As a result, there is less or no need for a geographically spread network of charging points.
In this project, Transport & Mobility Leuven, together with Prospex, investigated the extent to which the current conventional vehicles fleet of some pilot entities within the Flemish government can be replaced by (PH)EVs.
The study identifies which individual vehicles are most appropriate for replacement by an electric alternative. About 20% of the fleet is eligible for replacement by an electric vehicle provided that:
- the limited range and long charging time of the electric alternative is not an issue and
- the economic cost over the lifetime of the electric alternatives are about the same as a conventional car
We also developed a methodology for the evaluation of fleets from the perspective of introducing electric vehicles. Fleet managers, public or private, can use this methodology to evaluate their fleet of conventional vehicles to identify the most suitable vehicles for replacement by an electric alternative. A quantitative tool supports the developed methodology.
Flemish government, Department LNE
Kris Vanherle, Lars Akkermans
+32 16 74.51.29