Increase in efficiency of freight transport related information exchange for multimodal transport
The е-Freight initiative addresses inefficiencies in freight transport information exchange in the context of multimodal transport. These inefficiencies lead to increased administrative costs, a perceived complexity of multimodal transport and eventually to an under-exploitation of multimodal transport and a non-optimal use of the existing transport infrastructure. Four main drivers cause these inefficiencies:
- The lack of interoperability between existing information systems of shippers, logistic service providers, etc.
- Duplications of information submission: operators have to provide information through different transport documents (CMR for road, Bill of Loading for maritime, etc.) , and often provide the same information several times for different reporting requirements
- The lack of multimodal information on transport services and of multimodal booking tools, which makes operators look for information on available services from many sources, and thereby increase the inefficiency in setting up multimodal operations
- The lack of integration of information from tracking and tracing technologies as well as from emerging intelligent cargo applications ('self-aware, context-aware and connected cargo') into freight transport information systems
The e-Freight Initiative will increase the efficiency of freight transport information exchanges for multimodal transport, by creating the appropriate framework to streamline the flow of information associated with the flow of goods.
The aim of this study was to support the Commission services in assessing, for each policy option, the impacts of e-Freight on the efficiency of freight transport, in particular for the following areas:
- Efficiency of the transport chain and possible procedure simplification (and reduction of the administrative burden for freight operators)
- Uptake possibilities of e-Freight depending on the policy option chosen
- Economic impacts: possible reduction of costs, impact for small and medium enterprises
- Impact on human factors
- Environmental impacts taking into account the whole supply chain
TML assessed the economic, social, and environmental impacts in this study. In particular, we addressed the reduction of costs and the administrative burden for the different parties, and change costs for enterprises or authorities, as well as impacts on the internal market, on multimodality developments and on safety and security. With this in mind, we used the EDIP model and data from TREMOVE
European Commission, DG MOVE
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