COMPetition for AIR traffic management

The provision of air traffic management (ATM) services has for a long time been a national monopoly. In addition, it has traditionally been considered a natural monopoly due to the need for large infrastructure investments. Both of these elements are now changing. Air traffic management has been under increased scrutiny of the European Union since the start of the Single European Sky program. In addition, technological evolutions have reduced the need for large scale ground-based infrastructure and expensive equipment, questioning the natural monopoly character of the industry. So it is the right moment to study the liberalization and introduction of competition in the ATM sector.

Competition can be introduced at various levels and in different ways. The overall goal of COMPAIR is to study various institutional and market design approaches for introducing competition for en-route ATM services, in order to assess their potential contribution to the European Single European Sky objectives. The project will pursue the following objectives:

  • Propose a set of new institutional market designs for the introduction of competition in the European ATM sector
  • Define a framework allowing a comprehensive assessment of the impact of different institutional market designs
  • Develop a variety of economic and network simulation models allowing the assessment of the proposed approaches
  • Assess the feasibility and acceptability of proposed institutional changes for various market actors
  • Propose a vision for the implementation of the most desirable institutional structures

Transport & Mobility Leuven leads the overall project and the following subtasks:

  • Exploration of alternative market designs
  • Quantitative analysis of various options using economic models
  • Formulate conclusions and provide a vision to implement the proposed approaches

The official project website:


Deliverable 2.2 Institutional Design Options
Deliverable 3.2 Report on Economic Analysis


6-8 July 2017, Eef Delhaye had a presentation at the ATRS conference on Introducing more competition into ATM: Possible institutional designs - qualitative assessment, Antwerp (paper)



funded by

SESAR Joint Undertaking and the European Union as part of the H2020 research program


Nommon Solutions and Technologies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Slot Consulting Ltd


Eef Delhaye, Thomas Blondiau


Eef Delhaye

+32 16 74.51.22
reference: 15041

This project has received funding from the SESAR Joint Undertaking under grant agreement No 699249 under European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme