Climate Plan France

Climate plan for the transport and residential sector in France

TML and ECOFYS France looked at ‘Scenarios for drastic reductions of green house gas (GHG) emissions by 2050’ in the transport and housing sector in France. TML looked at the reductions in the transport sector.

TML used the TREMOVE model to assess the reduction possibilities until 2020. Only very modest reductions are possible in this first period. Taxation measures with good tax recycling are cost-effective, while subsidizing public transport is ineffective to reduce CO2 emissions.  The CO2 measures with the biggest potential technological measures.

TML used a scenario approach to assess the further future, 2020-2050. The main drivers to reduce GHG emissions at that time horizon are technological innovations and changes in behaviour. The introduction of plug-in hybrids in combination with the very low CO2 content of French electricity reaches a CO2 reduction of 30% in  2050 compared to the 1990 level. In a more voluntary scenario including very important behavioural changes on top of the 30% reduction scenario, CO2 reductions up to 70% can be reached.


The final report can be downloaded here (French).


2006 - 2007

funded by

French government


Bruno Van Zeebroeck, Kris Vanherle


Ecofys (NL), Axenne (FR)


Kris Vanherle

+32 16 31.77.38
reference: 05.25