Basic Accessibility to Flemish Urban and Regional Transport

Substantiation and funding of the core network and broader market functioning of the supplementary network

The Flemish Government wants to tailor public transportation to the passengers’ wishes and needs, and make it more attractive with comfortable vehicles, optimal frequencies, competitive speed, and transparent integrated services and tariffs. Following the resolution of the Flemish Parliament on the establishment of basic accessibility to the Flemish urban and regional transport, the Department of Mobility and Public Works wants to objectify the structure and funding of the core network and the broader market functioning for the supplementary network through this study.

TML, in collaboration with Deloitte, mapped the current use of funds ( 'as is' situation, end of 2015) for different networks or systems (core network, supplementary network / functional rides and demand responsive transport) for all transport areas determined in the concept paper of the Flemish Parliament "With basic accessibility towards an efficient and attractive transport model in Flanders, which optimally meets the global and local transportation demand.

We defined an optimal core network for Flanders in a benchmark with two similar foreign regions. We investigated at what cost this optimized core network could be made operational. The last part of the project consisted of mapping the social advantages and disadvantages of a potential broader market functioning for the supplementary network. We also checked which is the most cost effective organization format taking into account the VAT rules, a.o.


The final report is expected in March (including an executive summary and annexes, theoretical support of the ideal core network, research results such as comparing the core network of De Lijn and the optimal core network, benchmark, financial flows, etc., conclusions and policy recommendations, and recommendations for a potential wider market functioning for the supplementary network).



funded by

Flemish Government, department MOW


Deloitte Consulting


Griet De Ceuster, Gitte Van Den Bergh, Christophe Heyndrickx, Bruno Van Zeebroeck


Griet De Ceuster

+32 16 31.77.30
reference: 16019