TREMOVE economic transport and emissions model

TREMOVE is a policy assessment model to study the effects of different transport and environment policies on the emissions of the transport sector. The model estimates the transport demand, modal shifts, vehicle stock renewal and scrappage decisions as well as the emissions of air pollutants and the welfare level, for policies as road pricing, public transport pricing, emission standards, subsidies for cleaner cars etc. The model covers passenger and freight transport in 31 countries and covers the period 1995-2030.

The first of the TREMOVE model was developed in 1997-1998 by K.U.Leuven and DRI as an analytical underpinning for the second European Auto-Oil programme.

Since 2002, Transport & Mobility Leuven is further developing the model for DG ENV. TREMOVE was recently used for the evaluation of the new emission standard proposal (EURO standards), and several other policy evaluations, as road pricing, NOx abatement of maritime ships, and CO2 policies. This first version included 9 countries until 2020.

In 2006-2007 the model was thoroughly reviewed and renewed. The regional coverage was extended to 31 countries and the time horizon was extended to 2030. Moreover, new calculation methods were applied in the emission module.

Recent projects (e.g. TREMOVE SCP-CAR) contain the impact of environmental taxation and a scrappage subsidies on transport emissions and economy. TREMOVE was extended with a new module that covers the material flows (production and waste) of road transport. The most recent version TREMOVE v3.1 is available at the JRC of the European Commission.

In 2009-2010, TREMOVE was thoroughly updated with particular focus on updating the input data. This project resulted in the youngest TREMOVE versions: “v3.3.2” en “v3.3.2 alt”, corresponding to the version used in the i-TREN project (3.3.2: iTREN Reference, 3.3.2 alt: Integrated).

Parallel to the European model, we also developed a Belgian and a Flemish version.

publicly available software and documentation

TREMOVE v3.3.2 (2010)

Download model code: v3.3.2_model_code.exe (7-zip self-extracting archive)
Download alt model code: v3.3.2_alt_model_code.exe (7-zip self-extracting archive)

Excel databases (pivots) with all TREMOVE v3.3.2 baseline data:

TREMOVE v2.7b (February 2009)

TREMOVE v2.7 short description (8 pages): TREMOVE_Short_Description.pdf

Download model code: v2.7b_model_code.exe (7-zip self-extracting archive)

Model manual: TREMOVE_v2.7_User_Manual.pdf

Excel databases (pivots) with all TREMOVE v2.7b baseline data:

The archives above contain the following Excel files:

  • DEMAND: Transport demand (million pkm, tkm, vkm), occupancy rates, load factors per country, trip purpose, trip distance, region, period, network, vehicle category, fuel type,
  • vehicle type, year.
  • STOCK: Road and rail stock (# vehicles) per country, vehicle category, fuel type, vehicle type, vehicle technology, vehicle age, year.
  • EMISSIONS: Emissions and fuel consumption (ton/year), marginal external costs (euro/vkm), apparent emission factors (g/vkm) per country, region, network, period, vehicle category, fuel type, vehicle type, vehicle technology, year, pollutant type

TREMOVE v2.52 (July 2007)

TREMOVE v2.52 full documentation: Final_Report_TREMOVE_9July2007c.pdf

Download model code: v2.52_model_code.exe (7-zip self-extracting archive)

TREMOVE maritime model

TREMOVE maritime model documentation: tremove_maritime_model_and_runs.pdf

training sessions

A TREMOVE training session takes 2 days and has 2 teachers. On both days sufficient time is foreseen for questions.

On day one the TREMOVE model structure, its history and its applications are presented as well as the working of the modules. There will be a strong focus on the input data.

On day two the participants are shortly introduced in the (technical) software structure of the model and the procedures to run the model. The remainder of day two is dedicated to the specification and running of simple and more complex scenario simulations.


Conference paper 2005

Conference paper 2006

Conference paper 2007

recent projects

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Quantitative analysis of EU greenhouse gas reduction objective and proposed policy measures in the transport sector
Economic Effects 80 km/hAnalysis of economic effects of a speed limitation to 80 km/h for trucks on Belgian motorways
EcoscoreAnalysis of the planned Flemish reform of the circulation taxes
CO2 and VansInvestigation of emission regulation of light duty vehicles and small vans
COBALTInternalisation of external costs on transport corridors
CO2 and CarsEU passenger car CO2 emissions limits
FUNDINGScientific research on the funding possibilities for large transport infrastructure investments in the EU
Impact of a New Road Infrastructure on CO2The generative effect of new road transport infrastructure on greenhouse gas emissions, and its impact on Belgian climate policy
HIGH-TOOLHigh-level strategic transport model
iTREN-2030Integrated transport and energy baseline until 2030
ASSESSAssessment of the contribution of the TEN and other transport policy measures to the mid-term implementation of the White Paper on the European Transport Policy for 2010
Climate Plan FranceClimate plan for the transport and residential sector in France
Transport sector evolution 2050Prospective study of transport evolution by 2050
TREMOVE Runs on Euro 5 Standards for CarsCost-benefit analysis of several scenarios on Euro 5 standards for cars and vans
Road PricingRoad pricing analysis of trucks in Flanders
TREMOVE Runs on CO2 and CarsCost-benefit analysis of several scenarios on further reductions of CO2 emissions in cars and vans
TREMOVE BelgiumEmissions of road traffic in Belgium 1990-2030
TREMOVE SCP-CARA TREMOVE development project adding a waste module and introducing endogenous scrappage decisions
New TREMOVE BaselineDevelopment of a new TREMOVE baseline for the impact assessment of the EC White Paper on transport
GLADYSTETransposing the structure of the TREMOVE model into a system dynamics coding
Study on LPG cars penetrationBenefits estimation of increased shares of LPG cars in the EU car-fleet
LGV in the Road Transport MarketLight Goods Vehicles in the Road Transport Market of the European Union
GhG-TransPoRDReducing greenhouse-gas emissions (GHG) of transport beyond 2020
OPTIMISMOptimizing Passenger Transport Information to Materialize Insights for Sustainable Mobility
TREMOVE USTREMOVE training for Duke University of North Carolina
PremtechEvaluation of new car technologies with TREMOVE
TREMOVE updateUpdate and further development of transport model TREMOVE